The New Cairo Wastewater Treatment Plant study explains the process of a wastewater plant development in Egypt from the initial problem identification to the operation. The document also assesses the impact of the infrastructure on the city and its residents. The project was Egypt¿s first successful Public-Private Partnership (PPP) project. A drinking water shortage was identified as a pressing issue in Egypt¿s environmental sustainability, particularly in very densely populated areas as New Cairo. The city was created in the southeastern part of Cairo in 2000 in a former desert area, to ease problems deriving from an overcrowded capital. The existing wastewater treatment infrastructure in the area did not produce water with adequate levels of quality to enable the water to be used to irrigate agricultural and urban green areas, forcing freshwater to be used instead. The New Urban Communities Authority (NUCA) decided to develop a new infrastructure using Public-Private Partnership framework to reuse urban wastewater for the purposes mentioned, thereby reducing freshwater use. In addition, the project would reduce the water pollutants entering the River Nile. The project was awarded to an SPV formed by Aqualia and Orascom Construction Industries. In the project the private firm was responsible for the design, finance, construction, operation & management, and transfer of the asset to the public administration. The study provides details about finance, payment method, technical details of the plant, governance system, and risk transfer between the public and private parts in the project. Additionally an analysis of the project in terms city strategy and alignment with United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is provided. The study concludes with an assessment of how closely the project followed PPP methodology standards.
Barcelona GIX. IT Network Integration
The case study explains the Barcelona GIX project, which involved the integration (active and passive), expansion, and development of the IT network to provide the city with new infrastructure (5G, the Internet of Things, and connected cars) associated with a smart city using a new business model.
Beach Maintenance in Barcelona’s Metropolitan Area
The document explains how thanks to the integration of different beach maintenance contracts from different municipalities (through the AMB) there were generated economies of scale that reduces cost and improved service to residents.
The document discusses the contract signed by Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona for the maintenance of Barcelona’s ring roads as an example of a public-private partnership. It details the tender process and describes the project’s characteristics and its impacts. It also explores additional forms of transferring risk to the private sector in similar contracts, bundling more activities and aligning incentives. It introduces possible improvements to the contract design, such as measures for the concessionaire to reduce infrastructure maintenance costs, increase efficiency, and cut back on energy consumption.